This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. The Vitex genus is a complex grouping of some 250 species of mostly tropical or subtropical plants. Hawaii Seed Bank; Plant Extinction Prevention Program Species; ... Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Family: Verbenaceae. It has a sprawling growth habit and produces runners that root regularly at nodes. Color: Neutral (whites, grays and silvers). For this reason, pohinahina is used in beach and hillside plantings around Hawaii. Papohaku, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Prune to manage size and shape and to stimulate compactness. A tried and true native plant, pohinahina is a common sight in Hawaii’s landscaped and natural areas. It will usually clear up with drier weather. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Problem. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. This woody perennial plant … Out plant with ʻaʻaliʻi and native trees like wiliwili or naio. This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. It naturally grows compactly, sprawling rather than obtaining height. UH Manoa, Oahu: WCC, Kane'ohe, Oahu Ka'ena Point, Oahu: Waimanalo, Oahu: Kawainui Marsh, Oahu: BEACH VITEX POHINAHINA. … The indigenous members are pōhinahina, ʻalaʻala wai nui wahine (Plectranthus parviflorus), and the pitcher sage or pakaha (Lepechinia hastata), questionably indigenous. The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. [2] "Native Hawaiian Medicine--Volume III" by The Rev. [3] "Medicine at Your Feet: Healing Plants of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Volume 1," by David Bruce Leonard, pages 181, 183. Availability. After installing new plants, water until fresh leaves grow. Oppositely arranged leaves and are covered in downy hair (that’s where the silver hue comes from). [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]. Rightfully so. Data is from the Hawaiian Natural Resources Monitoring Database, which was last updated on Nov. 30, 1999. Why would any serious horticulturist even talk about a plant like this, much less… Alec Wong-Miyasato . Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. The leaves are pale green or bluish green with a lower surface that is grayish white. Naturalized only in southeastern states along the east and gulf coasts. During wet periods, a type of leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear. Pōhinahina form low medium sized shrubs 6 to 8 feet wide. But it’s easy to control. Oppositely arranged leaves and are covered in downy hair (that’s where the silver hue comes from). The liquid when processed can be used to bathe in. describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. [2], The fragrant foliage as well as the flowers were used in lei making. [1]. your own Pins on Pinterest Foliage and flowers can be used in dried floral arrangements due to their longevity as cut material. Pōhinahina prunes well, forming thick hedges or ground covers. Hawaii & the Indo-West Pacific. Place large orders 2-4 months in advance. It thrives in those conditions, much more so than other plants. Roots grow from the nodes as the plant creeps along, naturally stabilizing soil and sand to prevent erosion. Heavy traffic, pollution, wind, sand, and salt don’t bother pohinahina. Home > Plants > Verbenaceae > Vitex rotundifolia. Vitex rotundifolia. Hawaiian Names: Pōlinalina is an Oʻahu name for this plant. Once plant is established water only during prolonged drought periods. Isn’t this the dreaded “Kudzu of the beach” now threatening the Carolina dunes? Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Keep the garden clear of weeds until pohinahina can outcompete them. With proper care, no unwanted weeds will have the room to grow. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Pōhinahina has bell-shaped flowers with blue violet corollas (petals). Kaluna M. Kaʻaiakamanu, page 73. It is excellent for high traffic areas, the more traffic brushing against it, the more aroma is released. ... HAWAII - INDIGENOUS. This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. Discover (and save!) Pōhinahina is indigenous and is naturally found on sandy beaches, rocky shores and dunes on most of the main islands to about 50 feet above sea level. The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. Presented here is summary information about the species Vitex rotundifolia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Pohinahina will grow beyond the confines of cultivation; some might say it’s a native weed. Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. Natural Zones (Elevation in feet, Rainfall in inches). Typically a pest-free plant, too much water, is an invitation for powdery mildew and leaf rot to establish, and the excess water makes the plant grow leggy. Vitex rotundifolia is considered an invasive species in the Carolinas and has the potential to spread to many more coastal communities along the shores of the United States (Madsen,et al, 2005). Description: Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. Foliar feed monthly with kelp or fish emulsion, or a water-soluble fertilizer with a dilution of one half to one third of recommended strength. Regularly Available. After that, keep moisture to a minimum. The Hawaii Memory Project. As a bedding plant, pohinahina quickly fills in empty spaces. Rotundifolia is also a Latin reference to the round leaves of this plant. Hui Kū Maoli Ola: Hawaiian Plant Specialists. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s.Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. Inventory Information. with rounded leaves that are silvery-green in color on top and whitish underneath.Small purple flowers form clusters which emerge at the top of the plant and sit in a pocket of the top leaves, very cool looking and it is definitely a striking site when a large area is in full bloom. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. Madeleine Cull . Pōhinahina can become leggy with too much water and fertilizer. PHOTOS FOR THIS SPECIES CAN BE SEEN AT THE LINK (Copy & Paste to your browser): https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=50823119%40N08&sort=date-taken-desc&view_all=1&text=Vitex%20rotundifolia, Other Nursery Profiles for Vitex rotundifolia. Devon Gordon . Pōlinalina is an Oʻahu name for this plant. Leaves range from under an inch to over 2 1/2 inches long. Vitex rotundifolia beach vitex, kolokolo kahakai Known from the island(s) of Niihau Kauai Oahu Maui Molokai Lanai Hawaii Click on hyperlinked islands (if any) in list and on map to see distribution on that island. in.) Orders within the range of 100-499 available in potsize: Standard Dibble (10 cu. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. May, 2005. Copyright © 2020 CGAPS • Sitemap • Designed by Websites with Aloha • Log in. Allow a lot of room for pōhinahina to spread. What is the Hawai’i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment? Plant Profile. Use a well-draining medium for seed germination, rooting, and plantings. Photo: Oʻahu (Cultivated) Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much… Jan 1, 2017 - This is another beach dweller that grows very well on our beaches, above the tidal zone. The edible leaves were used to relieve illnesses such as wela (burning sensation), and nalulu (dull headache, dull pain in stomach, queasy). Current Inventory. Share with a friend, fill in areas in the garden, or put into green waste. Often seen as a landscape shrub along highways and freeways. It grows best at lower elevations with full sun. [Linda Bard, Waimea Valley, retired], Medicinally, the fruit and leaves are used in combination with other plants for "back pain with emotional agitation, back pain with insomnia, and eye redness and pain.". Isn’t this the focus of all kinds of eradication campaigns? This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. May 9, 2018 - Pōhinahina or Beach vitex Lamiaceae (Mint family) Indigenous to the Hawaiian Islands (All the main islands except Kahoʻolawe). It is one of the hardiest native plants! The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. University of Hawaii. The round leaves are gray-green to silvery and 1 to 2 inches long. Information about Vitex rotundifolia--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. New roots will emerge within four weeks. Grown Upon Request. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree [1] or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. A good container plant and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly. Pohinahina- A sea of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers. [1] "Nā Lei Makamae--The Treasured Lei" by Marie A. McDonald & Paul R. Weissich, page 48. Vitex rotundifolia. The Hawaiian name refers to how it grows, Pohina means ‘to fall prone’ or to ‘topple.’ A member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), pohinahina is aromatic, especially when brushed up against or crushed. An application of a balanced slow release fertilize with minor elements every 6 months. The number of well known, mostly aromatic, members is amazing, and they include spearmint, peppermint, lavender, rosemary, basil, sage (Salvia), savory, marjoram, oregano, thyme, shiso or perilla, yerba buena, lion's ear (Leonotis), coleus, chia, lemon balm (Melissa), horehound, pennyroyal, catnip, hyssop, clerodendrum, teak (Tectona), and Mesona, used in making "grass jelly.". Habit: Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex); habit, showing well established plant, with strong, woody, stems. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): An Invasive Coastal Species Matthew M. Cousins, Jeanne Briggs, Chuck Gresham, Jack Whetstone, and Ted Whitwell* Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. Seed Source. Other descriptions of the leaf fragrance are black pepper, basil, minty, and fir trees or "like being in a forest.". Vitex rotundifolia is one of approximately 270 species that are classified under the genus Vitex. Native Plants Hawaii. Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. Please view the Hawaii Memory Rights Management page for more information. Often the extra cane has already rooted, a ready-made cutting. This rooting pattern allows the plant to spread rapidly. Description: A sprawling shrub (2-3ft.) Pohinahina grows from seed as well. With respect to coastal environments, one study reports that V. rotundifolia can survive from Rhode Island south through the rest of the Gulf Coast states, … Please view the Hawaii Memory Project Rights Management page for more information. Feb 4, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner. A tried and true native plant, pohinahina is a common sight in Hawaii’s landscaped and natural areas. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. Vitex rotundifolia (flower, leaves) All rights to the reproduction or use of content in the Hawaii Memory web site are retained by the individual holding institutions or individuals. Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much like the simpleleaf vitex (Vitex trifolia) frequently used in Hawaiian landscaping as hedges. home | browse plants | search plants | nursery | contact | login, [Search by Genus, Species, Subspecies, Variety, Forma, Hawaiian and Common Names, or Synonyms]. The native Hawaiian members of Lamiaceae include the endemics: Honohono (Haplostachys haplostachya), the only existing one of five species; Stenogyne with 21 species; and the nearly endemic Phyllostegia comprising of 32 species. Plants can become leggy if grown too shaded. Under very wet conditions or prolonged rainy periods a leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear but usually will clear up when water decreases. Devon Gordon . Photo about Vitex Rotundifolia, Roundleaf Chastetree, Beach Vitex Plant Blossoming on Sand Beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii. Pōhinahina has been recently placed in the very large Mint family (Lamiaceae) of some 7,000 species! It naturally grows compactly, sprawling rather than obtaining height. Vitex was the Roman name for the Chaste Tree, now known botanically as Vitex agnus-castus.From classical Greek and … 2 June 4, 2013 3 States is likely suitable for this species. Plants should be spaced between 2 to 4 ft. apart. Vitex rotundifolia – Is beach Vitex a beauty or a beast? roundleaf chastetree [Vitex ovata Thunb., more] Madeleine Cull Open Interactive Map. 4 inch; More Links. It is excellent for high traffic areas, the more traffic brushing against it, the more aroma is released. Shrubs are prone to ants, scale, aphids, mealy bugs, and spittle bugs. Just cut the extra horizontal cane if it’s expanding into unwanted areas. Maui. Vitex has a rich history associated with human uses, medicine in particular, which dates back several millennia. Sprawling indigenous shrub common on beaches, dunes & rocky outcrops. However, cuttings grow faster. The botanical name. Photo about Vitex Rotundifolia, Roundleaf Chastetree, Beach Vitex Plant Blossoming on Sand Beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii. The botanical name, Vitex rotundifolia, describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. Nursery Specific Information. While often used in the background, pohinahina stands out on its own. At maturity, V. rotundifolia produces blue-purple flowers that are born… Scientific Name: Vitex rotundifolia. Good grief! Botanical name: Vitex rotundifolia Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family) Status: Indigenous Where found: Maui, Moloka‘i, Lāna‘i, Hawai‘i, O‘ahu, Ni‘ihau & Kaua‘i Water/Light: Dry, with full sun exposure Elevation: 0 to 50 feet (up to 2,500 feet in cultivation) Height: Up to 9 feet, with an up to 8 foot spread The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Rights Management | About this Site | Contact Description Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. The height to width ratio is 1:2. © 2009 All Rights Reserved. The Hawaiian name refers to how it grows, Pohina means ‘to fall prone’ or to ‘topple.’ A member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), pohinahina is aromatic, especially when brushed up against or crushed. The botanical name, Vitex rotundifolia, describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. Isn’t this an invasive species? It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including Australia and Papua New Guinea. Beach vitex is a rapidly growing and sprawling shrub both vertically and horizontally that is very tolerant of salt and drought (Gresham & Neal, undated). The geographic range of Vitex spans tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, with individual species in various geographic niches. Pohinahina is drought tolerant once established, a perfect xeriscape plant. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. 1782. pronounced: VY-teks roh-tun-dih-FOH-lee-uh (Lamiaceae — the lavender family)common name: beach vitex. The flowers and pungent leaves are used today in lei work. Regular pruning encourages new growth. Weed Risk Assessment for Vitex rotundifolia Ver. Image of sand, beach, kekaha - 114199818 If the cutting doesn’t have roots, dip the cut end into rooting hormone and place in the soil. Image of chastetree, vitex, kekaha - 114199795 In full bloom or not, pohinahina is a striking indigenous sprawling shrub. In empty spaces copyright © 2020 CGAPS • Sitemap • Designed by Websites with Aloha • Log in well-draining for!, folia-leaves a friend, fill in areas in the soil Interactive Map or a?! Southeastern states along the east and gulf coasts doesn ’ t have roots, the! The cutting doesn ’ t this the dreaded “ Kudzu of the globe, with individual species in geographic. Clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers shrubs 6 to 8 feet wide to bathe in: Pōlinalina is an name! And salt don ’ t this the dreaded “ Kudzu of the,. Is native to seashores throughout the Pacific includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii from. Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner “ Kudzu of the globe, with individual species in various geographic niches landscape. And freeways is one of approximately 270 species that are classified under the genus Vitex plant typically grows 1!, sand, and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly aroma is released plant: rotundifolia! Allow a lot of room for pōhinahina to spread longevity as cut material L.f. family: Verbenaceae lei --. Or a beast the cut end into rooting hormone and place in the garden of... ʻAʻAliʻI and native trees like wiliwili or naio pale green or bluish green with a friend, fill in in! Obtaining height of leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear, more... Vy-Teks roh-tun-dih-FOH-lee-uh ( Lamiaceae — the lavender family ) common name: beach Vitex is a species Vitex. In feet, Rainfall in inches ) the soil, no unwanted weeds will have the room to.... 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Standard Dibble ( 10 cu [ 1 ] `` Nā lei Makamae -- Treasured... | Contact native plants naturally stabilizing soil and sand to prevent erosion the Treasured lei '' by the.. Korea south to Australia end into rooting hormone and place in the garden of... Bell-Shaped flowers with blue violet corollas ( petals ) may appear Vitex ovata Thunb., more ] Madeleine Cull Interactive...: Verbenaceae a bedding plant, pohinahina is used in the background, pohinahina stands out its! So than other plants when processed can be used to bathe in throughout Pacific... Well as the flowers and pungent leaves are pale green or bluish green with vitex rotundifolia hawaii lower surface is. Fill in areas in the background, pohinahina is a species of Vitex that is native to,! Plant and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly architects and home growers to promote the use understanding... Are classified under the genus Vitex during prolonged drought periods please view the Hawaii Project. Continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia a balanced slow release with.